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Jun 26
Rapid Increase In Liver Cancer Among US Hispanic Men; Journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention

February 17, 2011

U.S.-born Hispanic men in California have seen an increase in risk of liver cancer of 87% over the last 16 years, according to scientists at the Cancer Prevention Institute of California. The U.S.-born men are at a higher risk compared with foreign-born Hispanic men in California. The scientists believe higher obesity, chronic hepatitis Crates, and heavier alcohol consumption among the U.S.-born men contribute to the difference in cancer...

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Benefits of Outdoor Exercise Confirmed; Journal Environmental Science and Technology

February 15, 2011

A review of existing studies has confirmed that exercising outdoors provides benefits compared with indoor exercise. Researchers at the University of Exeter and Plymouth Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry in the UK reviewed 11 trials which included information on 833 adults. The studies compared outdoor exercise with indoor exercise, and showed at least 1 well-being outcome. The review found that most studies showed a benefit...

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Enzyme Which Causes Heart Damage In Chemotherapy Found; Queen's University, Belfast, Ireland

February 12, 2011

Scientists  at Queen's University in Belfast, Ireland have isolated an enzyme which, during chemotherapy, can cause life-threatening damage to the heart. The potential for heart damage limits the dose of chemotherapy that can safely be given to cancer patients. Scientists hope that by identifying the role of the enzyme - NADPH - work can begin to protect patients from the damage. They hope the discovery can lead to the development of...

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Lymph Node Removal May Not Be Necessary for Some Breast Cancers; Journal of the American Medical Association

February 09, 2011

Women with early breast cancer may not need lymph node removal, according to new research. The study, carried out at 115 medical centers in the U.S., found that removing lymph nodes from the armpit did not improve survival, change the treatment plan, or make the cancer less likely to recur.Researchers followed 891 patients for a median of 6.3 years. The women all had lumpectomies, tumors smaller than 2 inches (T1 or T2), and biopsies that...

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Racial Disparities Continue in Cancer Mortality; American Cancer Society

February 08, 2011

Although overall cancer survival rates are improving, African Americans continue to have the highest rate of cancer deaths and shortest survival time of any racial or ethnic group, according to a new report from the American Cancer Society. The main reason for the disparity is that a larger proportion of African Americans are poor. People with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to die from their cancer.A 2008 study by Tim Byers of...

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Simple Lifestyle Changes Could Prevent Millions of Cancers; American Institute for Cancer Research and the World Cancer Research Fund

February 07, 2011

One third of all common cancers in the U.S., U.K., and China could be prevented by simple lifestyle changes, according to health experts. Simple measures like exercising, not smoking, and eating a healthier diet could prevent 40% of breast cancers alone in Britain and the U.S. The World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) said that 620,000 cases, or 27% of cancer cases in China are preventable. In the United States, 340,000 cases, or 35% of...

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Physical Activity Recommendations for Preventing Cancer; World Health Organization

February 07, 2011

Undertaking 150 minutes of moderate exercise can reduce the risk of breast and colon cancers, as well as other non-communicable diseases like diabetes and heart disease."Physical activity has a strong role to play in reducing the incidence of certain cancer," says World Health Organization's (WHO) Dr. Ala Alwan, Assistant Director-General for Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health.Low levels of physical activity are the main cause of...

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African Americans Still Have Higher Cancer Mortality; American Cancer Society

February 01, 2011

Although African Americans' cancer survival has improved, they still have much higher rates of death from cancer and shorter survival time compared to whites, according to a new report from the American Cancer Society. The main cause of the disparity, according to the report, is that a larger proportion of African Americans are poor.People with lower socioeconomic levels have higher death rates from cancer. A 2008 study by Tim Byers, of the...

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Early Start to HRT Raises Breast Cancer Risk; Journal of the National Cancer Institute

January 29, 2011

Beginning hormone replacement therapy (HRT) at the beginning of menopause raises the risk of developing breast cancer compared with starting HRT later. Researchers looked at over 1 million British women and found that those who waited 5 or more years to begin HRT had little or no increase in breast cancer risk. However, the women who began HRT at the start of menopause had a 43% greater chance of developing breast cancer. That pattern of...

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New Analysis Backs Annual Mammograms; American Journal of Roentgenology

January 26, 2011

A new analysis of the risk models used by the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) to change mammography screening guidelines in 2009 has suggested the panel may have ignored evidence that more frequent mammograms save more lives. The USPSTF guidelines created controversy when they recommended against mammograms for women in their 40s, and for mammograms every other year for women 50 and older.Researchers from the University of...

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